Dr. Laetitia Beguin,
just explains why children’s skin is specialand requires a proper skincare routine.
The specificity of children’s skin
This is a real problem for children: their skin is thinner, drier, more dehydrated and less pigmented than the adults’ skin. By definition, a very dry skin is necessarily sensitive.
The protective hydrolipidic film of the children’s skin is very thin. They are more exposed to physical stimuli (wind, UV, hot, cold) and chemical stimuli (cosmetics, pollution. The skin of a child versus the adult’s skin.
We observe a lowering of the threshold of tolerance of the skin and at the cellular level, a hyper-activation of the nervous system by the cutaneous cells. Thus the following phenomena will appear: feelings of tightness, warm-ups, burns, tingling, tingling, itching, fleeting or permanent redness.
The answer of OUATE to children’s sensitive skin problem
Gentle and effective ingredients
No irritating raw materials such as AHA, sulphate-based surfactants, essential oils
A minimum of mild preservatives
Fragrances without allergens
The “why’s” of children
How lucky you are! The children were able to ask all their questions directly to the dermatologist Dr. Laetitia Beguin, who is particularly interested in issues related to dermatology for early childhood.
Doctor, why is our skin more fragile than that of adults?
Your skin is much more reactive than the skin of the adults. It become dehydrated much more quickly. It simply needs to be nourished everyday!
Children’s skin does not produce sebum, which is this fatty film present on the surface of the skin, unlike that of an adult. This fat helps to prevent external aggressions, such as wind, cold, pollution. A skin barrier problem
Why are there differences between white, black, mixed race and Asian skin?
Yes, there are differences between coloured skin and white skin. It refers to colour pigments. Black and Asian skin is more pigmented than white skin. They will react more to the sun. But in both cases, it must be protected.
The colour pigments are present at the level of the epidermis. As Black or Asian skin is naturally more pigmented, it can suffer irreversible stains due to unprotected sun exposure.
The structure of the skin is however the same, with a difference in the thickness of the outer layer.
As for the white skin it will react to the sun causing redness. To avoid this, daily hydration is necessary. So the skin is different but the remedy is the same: we must protect it by moisturizing every day!!
White skin vs black skin
Doctor, why do I have to put sunscreen on when I go on vacation?
The moisturizing cream is not enough to fight against the aggressions of the sun’s rays. You must avoid exposing yourself in the sun between noon and 4 PM, hours during which the sun’s rays are the most harmful. It is necessary to have a cream that filters the harmful rays of the sun. So, your shield is: sunscreen + sunglasses + cap + anti-UV t-shirt!!
It is necessary to have a cream that filters the harmful rays of the sun. For children, a minimum protection factor of 50 is required to protect their skin effectively. The effectiveness of the cream lasts only 2 hours so it is important to apply every 2 hours to ensure the protection of their skin;
Doctor, is my skin different from that of an adult? Why?
Your skin has a structure identical to that of an adult, with different layers of different thicknesses: the epidermis on the surface, the dermis and the hypodermis. Do you know that the skin is the largest organ of the human being? Another criterion of differentiation: it does not produce sebum. The latter will begin to be secreted only from adolescence, resulting in a high dehydration capacity and greater permeability to allergens …
Doctor, why is it important to clean our skin?
The skin of your face is exposed to pollution, dust, particles and moisture that make your face dirty and sometimes it can give you a bad look. It is therefore necessary to clean it daily, morning and evening, to have a healthy skin and to prepare it for hydration
These impurities make the face dirty, clog the pores and give the skin a dull appearance.
Why should we clean our skin before applying cream?
A well-cleaned skin has eliminated impurities and allows better penetration of the moisturizer. But think to clean your hands before to eliminate microbes!
Unclean impurities can clog the pores of the skin; it is therefore essential to purify it to increase the effectiveness of the moisturizer.
Why do I have to apply cream every day?
Your skin is fragile and naturally unprotected. It is therefore essential to purify and hydrate it daily to preserve it.